Interim Content

Duncan, Joseph


22 Feb. 1794–15 Jan. 1844. Soldier, politician. Born at Paris, Bourbon Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Duncan and Anna Maria McLaughlin. Presbyterian. Served in War of 1812. Moved to Kaskaskia, Randolph Co., Illinois, 1818. Moved to Jackson Co., Illinois, by 1819. Served as justice of the peace, 1821–1823, in Jackson Co. Served as major general in Illinois militia, beginning 1822. State senator from Jackson Co., 1824–1826. Served as U.S. representative from Illinois, 1827–1834. Married Elizabeth Caldwell Smith, 13 May 1828, at Washington DC. Moved to Jacksonville, Morgan Co., Illinois, 1830. Served in Black Hawk War, 1831. Governor of Illinois, 1834–1838. Campaigned again for governor, 1842, on anti-Mormon platform; lost to Thomas Ford. Died at Jacksonville.