JS and , General Orders, to , , Hancock Co., IL, 25 Jan. 1842. Featured version published in “Nauvoo Legion,” Times and Seasons, 15 Feb. 1842, vol. 3, no. 8, 700–701. For more complete source information, see the source note for Letter to Isaac Galland, 22 Mar. 1839.
On 25 January 1842 JS and , respectively the lieutenant general and major general of the , issued orders regarding an inspection and parade of the legion to be held on 7 May. An “independent military” body attached to the state militia, the legion derived from the same December 1840 act that officially organized the city of . Soldiers in the legion were required to perform the same duties as members of the regular state militia, which included periodically mustering for reviews such as the inspection and parade planned for the first Saturday in May. The general orders featured here instructed all of the city’s militia members to attend the review with their weapons and equipment in good order. They also formally invited Illinois governor , as well as local government officials and prominent officers in the Illinois state and territorial militias, to attend the event.
The orders were published in the 15 February 1842 issue of the ’s newspaper, Times and Seasons, although they are misdated as 1841 therein. If the published orders were based on a handwritten manuscript, that document is apparently not extant. The inspection and parade were held in May 1842 as ordered.
See An Act Organizing the Militia of This State [26 Mar. 1819], Laws . . . of the State of Illinois , pp. 277–278, sec. 15.
Incorporation Laws of the State of Illinois, Passed by the Eleventh General Assembly, Their Session Began and Held at Vandalia, the Third Day of December, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-Eight. Vandalia, IL: William Walters, 1839.
Persons disregarding these general orders, whether officers or privates, will find themselves in the vocative.
The Invincibles, (’s company of light-infantry,) will be detailed for fatigue duty, on escorts and special service; and will take post by assignment, and receive their orders direct from the , through his Herald and Armor Bearer.
His Excellency, the of ; the of this judicial circuit, and the members of the Bar; the county officers of ; , and , with their respective field and staff officers,—of the Militia; and , and , with their respective field and staff officers, and Capt. Davis’, and Capt. Avery’s companies of cavalry,—of the Militia; are respectfully invited to attend, and participate in the General Parade on the 7th of May.
“Fatigue duty” is military labor that does not require the use of weapons. (See “Fatigue,” in American Dictionary , 658.)
An American Dictionary of the English Language; First Edition in Octavo, Containing the Whole Vocabulary of the Quarto, with Corrections, Improvements and Several Thousand Additional Words. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. 2nd ed. 2 vols. New Haven: By the author, 1841.
Swazey was commissioned brigadier general of the First Brigade, First Division of the Iowa territorial militia twelve years earlier, on 9 January 1830. (History of Van Buren County, Iowa, 363.)
The History of Van Buren County, Iowa, Containing a History of the County, its Cities, Towns, Ec., a Biographical Directory of Citizens, War Record of its Volunteers in the Late Rebellions, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men. . . . Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1878.