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Introduction to State of Missouri v. Baldwin et al. for Arson

State of Missouri v. Baldwin, Morrison, Higbee, Marsh, Wight, Brunson, JS, Hunter, and Pratt for Arson
Fifth Judicial Circuit of Missouri, 29 November 1838
Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, 11 April 1839
Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, 5 August 1840
 
Historical Introduction
Around 10 April 1839, a grand jury in , Missouri, indicted JS and eight other Latter-day Saint men for allegedly burning ’s store on 18 October 1838 in , the seat of Daviess County. During summer 1838, violence broke out between church members and their antagonists in northwestern . In early October, Latter-day Saints were expelled from in Carroll County, Missouri, making it clear that civil authorities would not protect church members from extralegal violence. Having forced the Saints from De Witt, the church’s opponents turned their attention to and other settlements in Daviess County. In response, church leaders in , , decided to engage in aggressive self-defense. In ’s words, the Saints planned “to scatter the mob” and “to destroy those places that harbored them” in Daviess County, particularly Gallatin, which was a suspected vigilante haven.
On 18 October 1838, apostle led about eighty Latter-day Saint men to to expel vigilantes opposed to the church, burn buildings owned by vigilantes and their sympathizers, and confiscate essential goods as wartime appropriations. Morris Phelps, a participant in the expedition, stated that the town’s residents scattered when they recognized the approaching Saints. Church members targeted ’s grocery store, believed to be a “place of rendezvous” for the church’s opponents. The store clerk, Patrick Lynch, later testified that he escaped the building just as the Latter-day Saints approached. From a secluded position, he watched the men secure the building and move goods into the street. The store was then set on fire, apparently by church members. Oliver Huntington, a Latter-day Saint living at at the time, later recalled that from a distance, he observed smoke “rising towards Heaven.” When the men returned to Adam-ondi-Ahman, Huntington saw that goods confiscated from the store were deposited in Bishop ’s home.
governor , responding to exaggerated reports of this raid and other skirmishes, branded all Latter-day Saints “enemies” and ordered that they be “exterminated or driven from the state.” The “ringleaders of this rebellion,” including JS, were to be arrested and tried for crimes allegedly committed during the conflict. In late October and early November 1838, more than three thousand state militia troops occupied Latter-day Saint settlements in and counties. Church members were given until spring to leave the state, while JS and more than fifty other Latter-day Saint men were taken into custody under the authority of Major General , who had the prisoners moved to his headquarters in . On 10 November, Clark explained to Boggs that he had “made out charges against the prisoners” based on information garnered primarily from Latter-day Saint dissidents. He identified “treason, murder, arson, burglary, robbery and larceny and perjury” as their offenses, all committed “under the counsel of Joseph Smith jr, the prophet.”
arranged with Judge of ’s fifth judicial circuit to preside at a criminal court of inquiry to determine whether there was probable cause to send the cases against the Latter-day Saints to a grand jury. Circuit attorney served as the prosecutor, while , , and John R. Williams represented the fifty-three defendants in custody. During the proceedings, eleven more Latter-day Saint men were charged, bringing the total to sixty-four defendants.
The church members’ October 1838 expedition to , including the burning of ’s store, was a significant topic at the hearing. law stated that “every person who shall wilfully set fire to, or burn . . . any shop, ware-house, or other building” would “be adjudged guilty of arson.” Disaffected Latter-day Saint claimed in his testimony that he heard JS and other church leaders making plans in “to take the goods out of the Store at Gallatin, bring them to Diahmon & burn the store.” Although several individuals said they saw the building burning, none could definitively state that a Latter-day Saint had lit the fire. Morris Phelps later claimed that , a Latter-day Saint who participated in the expedition to Gallatin, had “in his rage hurled a pine brand into it [the store] which melted it to ashes.” However, Phelps then backtracked: “Others have said that the mob burnt it in order to have a pretext or cause of action against the Mormons. But the particulars of these things remain yet to be determined.” As for JS, no witnesses placed him in Gallatin during the expedition on 18 October. Several instead affirmed that he remained in Adam-ondi-Ahman to direct the Latter-day Saints’ several military operations in .
At the conclusion of the hearing on 29 November, held there was “probable cause to believe” that twenty-four Latter-day Saints had committed “Arson, Burglary, Robbery and Larceny” in . They were admitted to bail on the condition that they appear before the grand jury at the April 1839 session of the Daviess County Circuit Court. Though JS would be named later as part of the grand jury’s indictment, he was not included among the twenty-four defendants named by King. The judge may have left JS’s name off the list knowing that he would already be incarcerated because King himself had earlier found probable cause to believe that JS, , and —all of whom would later be named in the arson indictment—had committed treason against the state of . As treason was a nonbailable offense, the men were confined in the jail in , Missouri, to await the spring term of the court.
On 6 April 1839, the prisoners were removed from the jail and transported to , where the April 1839 session of the Daviess County Circuit Court was held at the home of Elisha B. Creekmore, just southeast of . Judge of the recently formed eleventh judicial circuit presided, and James A. Clark acted as the prosecuting attorney. Sheriff William Morgan impaneled twenty county residents as a grand jury to review, with the assistance of Clark, evidence for the arson charge as well as other charges against JS and dozens of other Latter-day Saint men for crimes allegedly committed during the 1838 conflict.
Clark presented an indictment to the grand jury laying out the prosecution’s case that , , , Jesse D. Hunter, , , , JS, and “feloniously unlawfully, and maliciously did set fire to and burn a Certain Store house of one .” Rather than dating the burning to 18 October—the date established in historical accounts—the indictment claimed that the crime occurred on 10 November, a problematic date given that each of the named defendants was in state custody by that time. In addition, Clark inserted into the indictment that the arson occurred “in the night time,” whereas historical accounts indicated that the burning occurred during the day. law carried harsher penalties for arson committed at night. Clark wrote on the wrapper of the indictment the name of as a witness. Around 10 April, when the grand jury hearing concluded, foreman Robert P. Peniston Sr. wrote “true Bill” on the document, indicating that at least twelve of the grand jurors approved the indictment.
The grand jury submitted the arson indictment to the circuit court on 11 April 1839. Of the nine named defendants, only three—JS, , and —were present in the circuit court on 11 April, because the remaining defendants had already departed in forced compliance with ’s expulsion order. Citing his previous service as the prosecuting attorney in the case, issued an order that changed the venue of the arson case for JS and his fellow prisoners to in the second judicial circuit. The prisoners left on 12 April 1839, along with Sheriff William Morgan and four guards, but escaped en route to Boone County on 16 April with the guards’ complicity.
Notwithstanding the escape, in the ensuing months Circuit Court clerk made certified copies of the indictment and the other records in his docket for the arson case and forwarded them to the Circuit Court. However, perhaps due to the escape of the prisoners, Wilson was evidently uncertain as to whether Daviess County maintained jurisdiction in the case. On 30 May 1839, over a month after he had made the certified copy of the indictment to send to Boone County, Wilson issued a capias ordering the Daviess County sheriff to arrest JS and the other defendants named in the indictment. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the case was continued on the Daviess County Circuit Court docket during the August 1839 term, but only for the defendants who were not named in the change of venue. When it became apparent that the defendants were not going to appear, the case was dismissed at the December 1839 term. In contrast, Roger N. Todd, clerk of the Boone County Circuit Court, evidently believed that his court held jurisdiction over all the men named in the arson indictment, regardless of whether they were specifically named in the change of venue order. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the arson case was continued on the Boone County court’s docket until August 1840. During that term, as it was apparent that the defendants were not going to appear for the trial, Judge John D. Leland ordered that the case be dismissed.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with a court outside of its original jurisdiction, that version is listed under both courts.
 
State of Missouri v. Baldwin et al. for Arson, Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court Documents
 
Ca. 10 April 1839 Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 10 Apr. 1839; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of James A. Clark; docket and notation in handwriting of James A. Clark with probable signature of Robert P. Peniston Sr.
20 Apr. 1839; original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notations in handwriting of Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 58, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 2, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Removal Orders, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 70, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 10–11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Order of Commitment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of Robert Wilson; certification in handwriting of William Morgan; docket and notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
30 May 1839 Writ of Capias, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
30 May 1839. Not extant.
 
14 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
14 Aug. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 128, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
10 December 1839 Docket Entry, Nolle Prosequi, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
10 Dec. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 151, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
15 April 1840 Docket Entry, Costs, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
15 Apr. 1840; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 211, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
17 December 1840 Docket Entry, Costs, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
17 Dec. 1840; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 250, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
State of Missouri v. Baldwin et al. for Arson, Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court Documents
 
Ca. 10 April 1839 Indictment, Copy, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
20 Apr. 1839; original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notations in handwriting of Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Indictment, Copy, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 2, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Removal Orders, Copy, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 10–11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
17 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
17 Aug. 1839; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 261, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
4 November 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
4 Nov. 1839; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 280, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
5 August 1840 Docket Entry, Nolle Prosequi, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
5 Aug. 1840; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 316, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
Documents Related to State of Missouri v. Baldwin et al. for Arson
 
12–29 November 1838 Minutes and Testimonies, Richmond, Ray Co., MO
12–29 Nov. 1838; Eugene Morrow Violette Collection, State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; unidentified handwriting.
State of Missouri v. Baldwin, Morrison, Higbee, Marsh, Wight, Brunson, JS, Hunter, and Pratt for Arson
Fifth Judicial Circuit of Missouri, 29 November 1838
Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, 11 April 1839
Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, 5 August 1840
 
Historical Introduction
Around 10 April 1839, a grand jury in , Missouri, indicted JS and eight other Latter-day Saint men for allegedly burning ’s store on 18 October 1838 in , the seat of Daviess County. During summer 1838, violence broke out between church members and their antagonists in northwestern . In early October, Latter-day Saints were expelled from in Carroll County, Missouri, making it clear that civil authorities would not protect church members from extralegal violence. Having forced the Saints from De Witt, the church’s opponents turned their attention to and other settlements in Daviess County. In response, church leaders in , , decided to engage in aggressive self-defense. In ’s words, the Saints planned “to scatter the mob” and “to destroy those places that harbored them” in Daviess County, particularly Gallatin, which was a suspected vigilante haven.
On 18 October 1838, apostle led about eighty Latter-day Saint men to to expel vigilantes opposed to the church, burn buildings owned by vigilantes and their sympathizers, and confiscate essential goods as wartime appropriations. Morris Phelps, a participant in the expedition, stated that the town’s residents scattered when they recognized the approaching Saints. Church members targeted ’s grocery store, believed to be a “place of rendezvous” for the church’s opponents. The store clerk, Patrick Lynch, later testified that he escaped the building just as the Latter-day Saints approached. From a secluded position, he watched the men secure the building and move goods into the street. The store was then set on fire, apparently by church members. Oliver Huntington, a Latter-day Saint living at at the time, later recalled that from a distance, he observed smoke “rising towards Heaven.” When the men returned to Adam-ondi-Ahman, Huntington saw that goods confiscated from the store were deposited in Bishop ’s home.
governor , responding to exaggerated reports of this raid and other skirmishes, branded all Latter-day Saints “enemies” and ordered that they be “exterminated or driven from the state.” The “ringleaders of this rebellion,” including JS, were to be arrested and tried for crimes allegedly committed during the conflict. In late October and early November 1838, more than three thousand state militia troops occupied Latter-day Saint settlements in and counties. Church members were given until spring to leave the state, while JS and more than fifty other Latter-day Saint men were taken into custody under the authority of Major General , who had the prisoners moved to his headquarters in . On 10 November, Clark explained to Boggs that he had “made out charges against the prisoners” based on information garnered primarily from Latter-day Saint dissidents. He identified “treason, murder, arson, burglary, robbery and larceny and perjury” as their offenses, all committed “under the counsel of Joseph Smith jr, the prophet.”
arranged with Judge of ’s fifth judicial circuit to preside at a criminal court of inquiry to determine whether there was probable cause to send the cases against the Latter-day Saints to a grand jury. Circuit attorney served as the prosecutor, while , , and John R. Williams represented the fifty-three defendants in custody. During the proceedings, eleven more Latter-day Saint men were charged, bringing the total to sixty-four defendants.
The church members’ October 1838 expedition to , including the burning of ’s store, was a significant topic at the hearing. law stated that “every person who shall wilfully set fire to, or burn . . . any shop, ware-house, or other building” would “be adjudged guilty of arson.” Disaffected Latter-day Saint claimed in his testimony that he heard JS and other church leaders making plans in “to take the goods out of the Store at Gallatin, bring them to Diahmon & burn the store.” Although several individuals said they saw the building burning, none could definitively state that a Latter-day Saint had lit the fire. Morris Phelps later claimed that , a Latter-day Saint who participated in the expedition to Gallatin, had “in his rage hurled a pine brand into it [the store] which melted it to ashes.” However, Phelps then backtracked: “Others have said that the mob burnt it in order to have a pretext or cause of action against the Mormons. But the particulars of these things remain yet to be determined.” As for JS, no witnesses placed him in Gallatin during the expedition on 18 October. Several instead affirmed that he remained in Adam-ondi-Ahman to direct the Latter-day Saints’ several military operations in .
At the conclusion of the hearing on 29 November, held there was “probable cause to believe” that twenty-four Latter-day Saints had committed “Arson, Burglary, Robbery and Larceny” in . They were admitted to bail on the condition that they appear before the grand jury at the April 1839 session of the Daviess County Circuit Court. Though JS would be named later as part of the grand jury’s indictment, he was not included among the twenty-four defendants named by King. The judge may have left JS’s name off the list knowing that he would already be incarcerated because King himself had earlier found probable cause to believe that JS, , and —all of whom would later be named in the arson indictment—had committed treason against the state of . As treason was a nonbailable offense, the men were confined in the jail in , Missouri, to await the spring term of the court.
On 6 April 1839, the prisoners were removed from the jail and transported to , where the April 1839 session of the Daviess County Circuit Court was held at the home of Elisha B. Creekmore, just southeast of . Judge of the recently formed eleventh judicial circuit presided, and James A. Clark acted as the prosecuting attorney. Sheriff William Morgan impaneled twenty county residents as a grand jury to review, with the assistance of Clark, evidence for the arson charge as well as other charges against JS and dozens of other Latter-day Saint men for crimes allegedly committed during the 1838 conflict.
Clark presented an indictment to the grand jury laying out the prosecution’s case that , , , Jesse D. Hunter, , , , JS, and “feloniously unlawfully, and maliciously did set fire to and burn a Certain Store house of one .” Rather than dating the burning to 18 October—the date established in historical accounts—the indictment claimed that the crime occurred on 10 November, a problematic date given that each of the named defendants was in state custody by that time. In addition, Clark inserted into the indictment that the arson occurred “in the night time,” whereas historical accounts indicated that the burning occurred during the day. law carried harsher penalties for arson committed at night. Clark wrote on the wrapper of the indictment the name of as a witness. Around 10 April, when the grand jury hearing concluded, foreman Robert P. Peniston Sr. wrote “true Bill” on the document, indicating that at least twelve of the grand jurors approved the indictment.
The grand jury submitted the arson indictment to the circuit court on 11 April 1839. Of the nine named defendants, only three—JS, , and —were present in the circuit court on 11 April, because the remaining defendants had already departed in forced compliance with ’s expulsion order. Citing his previous service as the prosecuting attorney in the case, issued an order that changed the venue of the arson case for JS and his fellow prisoners to in the second judicial circuit. The prisoners left on 12 April 1839, along with Sheriff William Morgan and four guards, but escaped en route to Boone County on 16 April with the guards’ complicity.
Notwithstanding the escape, in the ensuing months Circuit Court clerk made certified copies of the indictment and the other records in his docket for the arson case and forwarded them to the Circuit Court. However, perhaps due to the escape of the prisoners, Wilson was evidently uncertain as to whether Daviess County maintained jurisdiction in the case. On 30 May 1839, over a month after he had made the certified copy of the indictment to send to Boone County, Wilson issued a capias ordering the Daviess County sheriff to arrest JS and the other defendants named in the indictment. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the case was continued on the Daviess County Circuit Court docket during the August 1839 term, but only for the defendants who were not named in the change of venue. When it became apparent that the defendants were not going to appear, the case was dismissed at the December 1839 term. In contrast, Roger N. Todd, clerk of the Boone County Circuit Court, evidently believed that his court held jurisdiction over all the men named in the arson indictment, regardless of whether they were specifically named in the change of venue order. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the arson case was continued on the Boone County court’s docket until August 1840. During that term, as it was apparent that the defendants were not going to appear for the trial, Judge John D. Leland ordered that the case be dismissed.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with a court outside of its original jurisdiction, that version is listed under both courts.
 
State of Missouri v. Baldwin et al. for Arson, Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court Documents
 
Ca. 10 April 1839 Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 10 Apr. 1839; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of James A. Clark; docket and notation in handwriting of James A. Clark with probable signature of Robert P. Peniston Sr.
20 Apr. 1839; original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notations in handwriting of Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 58, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 2, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Removal Orders, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 70, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 10–11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Order of Commitment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of Robert Wilson; certification in handwriting of William Morgan; docket and notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
30 May 1839 Writ of Capias, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
30 May 1839. Not extant.
 
14 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
14 Aug. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 128, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
10 December 1839 Docket Entry, Nolle Prosequi, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
10 Dec. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 151, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
15 April 1840 Docket Entry, Costs, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
15 Apr. 1840; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 211, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
17 December 1840 Docket Entry, Costs, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
17 Dec. 1840; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 250, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
State of Missouri v. Baldwin et al. for Arson, Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court Documents
 
Ca. 10 April 1839 Indictment, Copy, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
20 Apr. 1839; original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notations in handwriting of Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Indictment, Copy, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 2, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Removal Orders, Copy, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 10–11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
17 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
17 Aug. 1839; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 261, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
4 November 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
4 Nov. 1839; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 280, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
5 August 1840 Docket Entry, Nolle Prosequi, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
5 Aug. 1840; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 316, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
Documents Related to State of Missouri v. Baldwin et al. for Arson
 
12–29 November 1838 Minutes and Testimonies, Richmond, Ray Co., MO
12–29 Nov. 1838; Eugene Morrow Violette Collection, State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; unidentified handwriting.