History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction
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of the traffic are marked in every page of the history of our Indian intercourse
<​January 6. The Indians​> Some general legislation seems necessary for the regulation of the relations which will exist in the new state of things between the government and People of the and these transplanted indian tribes: and for the establishment among the latter, and with their own consent, some of the principles of intercommunication, which their juxtaposition will call for; that moral may be substituted for physical force; the authority of a few and simple laws for the tomahawk; and that an end maybe put to those bloody wars, whose prosecution seems to have made a part of their social system.
After the further details of this arrangement are completed, with a very general supervision over them, they ought to be left to the progress of events. These, I indulge the hope, will secure their prosperity and improvement, and a large portion of the moral debt we owe them will be paid”
In addition to the above we extract the following from the report on Indian affairs, made to Congress at [HC 2:360] the present session;— We add and arrange according to circumstances; &c.
<​Number and location of the different tribes.​> The United nation of Chippewas, Ottowas and Pottawatamies, about 1000 in number remomoved [removed] since September, 1834. possess five millions of acres of land, on the east side of the , and lying northwest of the northwest corner of the State of . -[All these tribes may be rated at about 7000.]- 7000
The Choctaws about 19,000 in number, have fifteen millions of acres lying between Red River and the Canadian. 19000
A small band of Quapaws, two or three hundred perhaps, near 95,000 acres between the western boundary of the state of , and the eastern boundary of the Osages. 300
The Greeks <​Creeks​> about 3 or 4,000, have thirteen millions one hundred and forty thousand acres, on Arkansas, and Canadian Rivers 4000
The Seminoles, and other Florida Indians to the number of say 25,000, included as the owners of the above 13,140,000 acres. 25,000
The Cherokees. amounting to, say 16.000, have thirteen millions of acres, near the 36 degree of north latitude. 16000
The Kickapoos something less than 1000. have 160,000 north of Fort Leavenworth 1000
The Delawares, nearly 1000, have 2.200.000. acres west and south of the Kickapoos. 1000
The Shawnees, 12 or 1400, have 1.600.000 acres. South side of Kanzas river. 1400
The Ottowas, about 200, have 30,000 acres. South of the Shawnees. 200
The Weas, Pinkeshaws, Peoria, and Kaskaskias, say 500, in all have 260,000, South of the Shawnees. 500
The Senecas, and Shawnees, say 500, have 100,000 acres, on the western boundaries of the State of 500
Of the native tribes west of the , the report is as follows:—
Sioux 27.500. Omahas 1.400. Camanches 7000
Ioways 1.200 Ottoes & Missourias 1,600 Mandans 15000 [HC 2:361]
Sacs of the ,500 Pawnees 10,000 Minatares 15000
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of the traffic are marked in every page of the history of our Indian intercourse
January 6. The Indians Some general legislation seems necessary for the regulation of the relations which will exist in the new state of things between the government and People of the and these transplanted indian tribes: and for the establishment among the latter, and with their own consent, some of the principles of intercommunication, which their juxtaposition will call for; that moral may be substituted for physical force; the authority of a few and simple laws for the tomahawk; and that an end maybe put to those bloody wars, whose prosecution seems to have made a part of their social system.
After the further details of this arrangement are completed, with a very general supervision over them, they ought to be left to the progress of events. These, I indulge the hope, will secure their prosperity and improvement, and a large portion of the moral debt we owe them will be paid”
In addition to the above we extract the following from the report on Indian affairs, made to Congress at [HC 2:360] the present session;— We add and arrange according to circumstances; &c.
Number and location of the different tribes. The United nation of Chippewas, Ottowas and Pottawatamies, about 1000 in number remomoved [removed] since September, 1834. possess five millions of acres of land, on the east side of the , and lying northwest of the northwest corner of the State of . -[All these tribes may be rated at about 7000.]- 7000
The Choctaws about 19,000 in number, have fifteen millions of acres lying between Red River and the Canadian. 19000
A small band of Quapaws, two or three hundred perhaps, near 95,000 acres between the western boundary of the state of , and the eastern boundary of the Osages. 300
The Creeks about 3 or 4,000, have thirteen millions one hundred and forty thousand acres, on Arkansas, and Canadian Rivers 4000
The Seminoles, and other Florida Indians to the number of say 25,000, included as the owners of the above 13,140,000 acres. 25,000
The Cherokees. amounting to, say 16.000, have thirteen millions of acres, near the 36 degree of north latitude. 16000
The Kickapoos something less than 1000. have 160,000 north of Fort Leavenworth 1000
The Delawares, nearly 1000, have 2.200.000. acres west and south of the Kickapoos. 1000
The Shawnees, 12 or 1400, have 1.600.000 acres. South side of Kanzas river. 1400
The Ottowas, about 200, have 30,000 acres. South of the Shawnees. 200
The Weas, Pinkeshaws, Peoria, and Kaskaskias, say 500, in all have 260,000, South of the Shawnees. 500
The Senecas, and Shawnees, say 500, have 100,000 acres, on the western boundaries of the State of 500
Of the native tribes west of the , the report is as follows:—
Sioux 27.500. Omahas 1.400. Camanches 7000
Ioways 1.200 Ottoes & Missourias 1,600 Mandans 15000 [HC 2:361]
Sacs of the ,500 Pawnees 10,000 Minatares 15000
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