History, 1838–1856, volume D-1 [1 August 1842–1 July 1843]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction
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<​July 1​> protection, but utterly refused to render us any assistance whatever. Under these painful and distressing circumstances, we had the advice of Generals , and , to call out the Militia of and counties, which was mostly composed of Mormons, and to make a general defence. The presiding judge of , , gave orders to the of said County to call out the Militia. They were called out under the command of , who held a commission from the , and was the highest military officer in the . This force effectually dispersed the Mob in several places, and a portion of [HC 3:425] them were so organized in the city of , that they could assemble themselves upon the shortest notice, and were frequently ordered to assemble in the public square of said , in cases of emergency. These proceedings against the mob being misrepresented by designing men, both to the and other authorities and people of the caused great excitement against the Mormons. Many tried to have it understood that the Mormons were in open rebellion, and making war upon the . With these pretences, Governor issued the following exterminating order:
“Head quarters of the Militia, city of Jefferson, October 27th. 1838. Sir. Since the order of the morning to you, directing you to come with four hundred mounted men, to be raised within your Division. I have received, by , Esq, and Wiley C. Williams, Esq, one of my aids, information of the most appalling character, which changes entirely the face of things, and places the Mormons in the attitude of an avowed defiance of the laws, and of having made war upon the people of the . Your orders are therefore, to hasten your operations and endeavor to reach in county, with all possible speed. The Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the , if necessary for the public peace.
Their outrages are beyond all description. If you can increase your force, you are authorized to do so, to any extent you may think necessary. I have just issued orders to Major General Wollock of Marion County, to raise five hundred men and to march them to the northern part of , and there to unite with of — who has been ordered with five hundred men to proceed to the same point for the purpose of intercepting the retreat of the Mormons to the North. They have been directed to communicate with you by express. You can also communicate with them if you find it necessary. Instead therefore, of proceeding as at first directed to reinstate the citizens of in their houses, you will proceed immediately to , and there operate against the Mormons. of has been ordered to have four hundred of his Brigade in readiness to join you at . The whole force will be placed under your command. (Signed) , Governor and Commander-in-chief.[”] [HC 3:426]
<​MC​> In the mean time, , and , both of , (who had, five years previously, assisted in driving about twelve hundred Mormon citizens from that , besides burning two hundred and three houses, and assisting in murdering several, and plundering the rest) raised forces to the amount of several thousand men, and appeared before the [p. 1620]
July 1 protection, but utterly refused to render us any assistance whatever. Under these painful and distressing circumstances, we had the advice of Generals , and , to call out the Militia of and counties, which was mostly composed of Mormons, and to make a general defence. The presiding judge of , , gave orders to the of said County to call out the Militia. They were called out under the command of , who held a commission from the , and was the highest military officer in the . This force effectually dispersed the Mob in several places, and a portion of [HC 3:425] them were so organized in the city of , that they could assemble themselves upon the shortest notice, and were frequently ordered to assemble in the public square of said , in cases of emergency. These proceedings against the mob being misrepresented by designing men, both to the and other authorities and people of the caused great excitement against the Mormons. Many tried to have it understood that the Mormons were in open rebellion, and making war upon the . With these pretences, Governor issued the following exterminating order:
“Head quarters of the Militia, city of Jefferson, October 27th. 1838. Sir. Since the order of the morning to you, directing you to come with four hundred mounted men, to be raised within your Division. I have received, by , Esq, and Wiley C. Williams, Esq, one of my aids, information of the most appalling character, which changes entirely the face of things, and places the Mormons in the attitude of an avowed defiance of the laws, and of having made war upon the people of the . Your orders are therefore, to hasten your operations and endeavor to reach in county, with all possible speed. The Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the , if necessary for the public peace.
Their outrages are beyond all description. If you can increase your force, you are authorized to do so, to any extent you may think necessary. I have just issued orders to Major General Wollock of Marion County, to raise five hundred men and to march them to the northern part of , and there to unite with of — who has been ordered with five hundred men to proceed to the same point for the purpose of intercepting the retreat of the Mormons to the North. They have been directed to communicate with you by express. You can also communicate with them if you find it necessary. Instead therefore, of proceeding as at first directed to reinstate the citizens of in their houses, you will proceed immediately to , and there operate against the Mormons. of has been ordered to have four hundred of his Brigade in readiness to join you at . The whole force will be placed under your command. (Signed) , Governor and Commander-in-chief.” [HC 3:426]
MC In the mean time, , and , both of , (who had, five years previously, assisted in driving about twelve hundred Mormon citizens from that , besides burning two hundred and three houses, and assisting in murdering several, and plundering the rest) raised forces to the amount of several thousand men, and appeared before the [p. 1620]
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