JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of , , Jonathan Grimshaw, and ; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 Nov. 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
This document, “History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842],” is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church” (in The Joseph Smith Papers the “Manuscript History” bears the editorial title “History, 1838–1856”). The completed six-volume collection covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “’s forces” at , Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop at , Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative was completed by 3 May 1845, although some additional work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date as a supplementary document and appear in this collection as “History, 1838-1856, volume C-1 Addenda.” Compilers and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, Richards maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. , , , and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period covered by this text include the Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in by the and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to ; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch ; the establishment of the city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo ; the expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.
<January 7> “, Lee County Iowa Jany. 7. 1840 I hereby certify that some time in the month of Octr.1838 an armed force collected in the County of Carrol[l] near and in open day light, drove a man by the name of out of his house and set fire to it, and burnt it to ashes; and then sent an Express ordering all the Mormons to leave the place, as soon as the next day; the next day they sent another express, ordering them to leave in six hours or they would be massacred upon the ground; they also fired their guns at different persons travelling the road near the , the Mormons were at length compelled to leave their possessions, and all removed to , consisting of seventy and perhaps one hundred families, many of whom were in want of the substance of life, sick, and some died upon the way, about two weeks after this, another armed force invaded , took my Gun, and compelled me to sign away my property, both real and personal, and leave the forthwith— Wm. Hawk.” Sworn to before — Justice of Peace—
“, Lee County, Iowa Territory, Jany. 7. 1840. This is to Certify that I was at work on my Farm on the last of October 1838, when an armed company under came and took myself and my three Sons prisoners; and threw down my fences, and opened my Gates, and left them open, and left my crops to be destroyed; and while I was a prisoner they declared that they had made clean work in destroying the crops as they passed through the Country; and they took from me two yoke of oxen, and three horses, and two waggons, and compelled me and my Sons to drive them loaded with produce of my own farm, to supply their army— I had in possession at the time Four hundred and Eighty acres of Land, and rising of an hundred acres improved, with a small Orchard and Nursery, the necessary buildings of a farm, &c, and in consequence of my imprisonment, my fences remained down, and most of my crops were destroyed, And further this deponent saith not. ” Sworn to, before J.P.
“, Lee County, Iowa Territory Jany. 7. 1840. This is to certify that about the middle of October, I was driven by [HC 4:58] the threats of the armed force, to leave my possessions, consisting of a pre emption right to a quarter section of Land with 30 acres under improvement—, and a good house. I went to and remained until about 1st. Novr. when I was driven from there, by an armed force under — I then went to — While at the armed force took from me 1 Cow and Calf, and a yoke of Oxen, 1 horse and 5 Sheep, they also took from me 15 hogs. While at they took 2 Cows belonging to me, and I saw the Soldiery killing the live Stock of the Inhabitants without leave or remuneration, and burning building timber, fences &c— Urban V. Stewart”— Sworn to before J.P.
“, Iowa Territory, This day personally appeared before me an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said , and after having been duly sworn deposeth and saith, that in [p. 1011]