JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of , , Jonathan Grimshaw, and ; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 Nov. 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
This document, “History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842],” is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church” (in The Joseph Smith Papers the “Manuscript History” bears the editorial title “History, 1838–1856”). The completed six-volume collection covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “’s forces” at , Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop at , Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative was completed by 3 May 1845, although some additional work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date as a supplementary document and appear in this collection as “History, 1838-1856, volume C-1 Addenda.” Compilers and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, Richards maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. , , , and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period covered by this text include the Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in by the and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to ; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch ; the establishment of the city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo ; the expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.
<January 7.> the months of October and November 1838 I resided in the Town of— Daviess County Missouri, and whilst being peaceably engaged in the ordinary vocations of life, that in the early part of November my house was entered by a body of armed men painted after the manner or custom of the Indians of North America, and proceeded to search my house for fire arms, stating that they understood the Mormons knew how to hide their guns, and in their search of a bed on which lay an aged sick female who they threw to and fro in a very rough manner without regard to humanity or decency, finding no arms they went off without further violence— Shortly after this above described outrage, there was a number of armed men, say about twenty— rode into my yard and enquired for horses which they said they had lost, and stated under confirmation of an oath that they would have the heads of twenty Mormons, if they did not find their horses, these last were painted in like manner as the first. These transactions took place when the Citizens and its vicinity were engaged in a peaceable manner in the ordinary pursuits of life. this deponent further saith. That the Mob took possession of a Store of Dry Goods belonging to the Church of Latter Day Saints over which they placed a guard. I went into the Store to get some articles to distribute to the suffering poor and the officer who had the charge of the Store, ordered me out peremptorily, stating it was too cold to wait on me, that I must come the next morning— and returning the next morning I found the Store almost entirely stripped of its Contents— [HC 4:59] Thereupon we as a Church were ordered to depart the and , under the pains and penalty of death, or a total extermination of our Society. Having no alternative, (having my waggon stolen)— I was compelled to abandon my property except— a few— moveables, which I got off with, in the best way that I could, and on receiving a permit or pass which is hereto appended— I then proceeded to depart the . “I permit to remove from to , there remain during the winter or remove out of the unmolested— Novr. 9. 1838. Brig. Gen. By F. G. Cocknu” I accordingly left the in the month of February following in a destitute condition— ” Sworn to, before J.P.
“, Lee County, Iowa Jany. 7. 1840 I do hereby certify that I made an improvement and obtained a pre-emption right upon 160 acres of land in Mo. in 1837— on the first of Novr. 1838 I was compelled to leave the by order of in ten days, they took without my consent two horses which have never been returned, nor remunerated for, also destroyed my crop of Corn, drove off four head of Cattle.— ” Sworn to before J.P.