History, 1838–1856, volume E-1 [1 July 1843–30 April 1844]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction
Page 1783
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<​November 29​> “The Society remained in , nearly three years, when in compliance with the demands of the citizens there, it was determined to remove to that section of country, known afterwards, as . In order to secure our people from molestation, the members of the Society bought out most of the former inhabitants of what is now , and also entered much of the wild land then belonging to the in that section of country, fondly hoping that as we were American citizens, obeying the laws, and assisting to support the government, we would be protected in the use of homes which we had honestly purchased from the general government, and fully paid for. Here we were permitted to enjoy peace for a season, but as our Society increased in numbers, and settlements were made in and Carrol[l] Counties, unfounded jealousies sprung up among our neighbors, and the spirit of the mob was soon manifested again. The people of our Church who had located themselves at , were compelled by [HC 6:85] the mob to leave the place, notwithstanding the Militia were called out for their protection. From the mob went to , and while on their way took some of our people prisoners, and greatly abused and mistreated them. Our people had been driven by force from ; they had been compelled to leave and sell their lands there; for which they have never been paid; they had finally settled in , where they had purchased and paid for nearly all the government land within its limits, in order to secure homes where they could live and worship in peace, but even here they were soon followed by the mob. The society remained, in from 1836 until the fall of 1838, and during that time had acquired, by purchase from the Government, the settlers and pre-emption<​ers​>, <​almost​> all the lands in the county of , and a portion of those in and Carrol Counties. Those counties when our people first commenced their Settlements were for the most part wild and uncultivated, and they had converted them into large and well improved farms, well stocked. Lands had risen in value from 10 to 25 Dollars per acre, and those Counties were rapidly advancing in cultivation and wealth. In August 1838, a riot commenced growing out of the attempt of a Member of the Society to vote, which resulted in creating great excitement and many scenes of lawless outrage; A large mob under the conduct of came into the vicinity of , drove off our stock and abused our people, another party came into , took away our horses and cattle, burnt our houses, and ordered the inhabitants to leave their homes immediately. By orders of and a company of about sixty men went to disperse this mob, under the command of . A conflict ensued in which and two of his men were killed and others wounded. A mob party from two to three hundred in number, many of whom are supposed to have come from fell on our people, and notwithstanding they begged for quarters, shot down and killed eighteen, as they would so many wild beasts
“They were finally compelled to fly from those Counties; and on the 11th. of October 1838, they sought safety by that means, with their families, [HC 6:86] leaving many of their effects behind; that they had previously applied to the constituted authorities of for protection but in vain. The Society were [p. 1783]
November 29 “The Society remained in , nearly three years, when in compliance with the demands of the citizens there, it was determined to remove to that section of country, known afterwards, as . In order to secure our people from molestation, the members of the Society bought out most of the former inhabitants of what is now , and also entered much of the wild land then belonging to the in that section of country, fondly hoping that as we were American citizens, obeying the laws, and assisting to support the government, we would be protected in the use of homes which we had honestly purchased from the general government, and fully paid for. Here we were permitted to enjoy peace for a season, but as our Society increased in numbers, and settlements were made in and Carroll Counties, unfounded jealousies sprung up among our neighbors, and the spirit of the mob was soon manifested again. The people of our Church who had located themselves at , were compelled by [HC 6:85] the mob to leave the place, notwithstanding the Militia were called out for their protection. From the mob went to , and while on their way took some of our people prisoners, and greatly abused and mistreated them. Our people had been driven by force from ; they had been compelled to leave and sell their lands there; for which they have never been paid; they had finally settled in , where they had purchased and paid for nearly all the government land within its limits, in order to secure homes where they could live and worship in peace, but even here they were soon followed by the mob. The society remained, in from 1836 until the fall of 1838, and during that time had acquired, by purchase from the Government, the settlers and pre-emptioners, almost all the lands in the county of , and a portion of those in and Carrol Counties. Those counties when our people first commenced their Settlements were for the most part wild and uncultivated, and they had converted them into large and well improved farms, well stocked. Lands had risen in value from 10 to 25 Dollars per acre, and those Counties were rapidly advancing in cultivation and wealth. In August 1838, a riot commenced growing out of the attempt of a Member of the Society to vote, which resulted in creating great excitement and many scenes of lawless outrage; A large mob under the conduct of came into the vicinity of , drove off our stock and abused our people, another party came into , took away our horses and cattle, burnt our houses, and ordered the inhabitants to leave their homes immediately. By orders of and a company of about sixty men went to disperse this mob, under the command of . A conflict ensued in which and two of his men were killed and others wounded. A mob party from two to three hundred in number, many of whom are supposed to have come from fell on our people, and notwithstanding they begged for quarters, shot down and killed eighteen, as they would so many wild beasts
“They were finally compelled to fly from those Counties; and on the 11th. of October 1838, they sought safety by that means, with their families, [HC 6:86] leaving many of their effects behind; that they had previously applied to the constituted authorities of for protection but in vain. The Society were [p. 1783]
Page 1783